Xylitol is a low-calorie sugar substitute with a low glycemic index. Some studies have shown that it may also improve dental health, prevent ear infections and have antioxidant properties.
Xylitol is a sugar alcohol, a carbohydrate that does not actually contain alcohol. Xylitol is found naturally in small amounts in fibrous fruits and vegetables, trees, corn cobs and even in the human body.
Manufacturers use xylitol as a sugar substitute because it is comparable in sweetness to table sugar, but has fewer calories.
Xylitol is a common ingredient in many products, from sugar-free chewing gum to toothpaste. People also use xylitol as a tabletop sweetener and in baking.
In this article, we look at the uses and potential health benefits of xylitol. We also describe its side effects, drug interactions, dosing and alternatives.
Xylitol is similar in sweetness to sugar, but with a fraction of the calories. It is a popular ingredient in a variety of products, including sugar-free chewing gum and toothpaste.
Manufacturers add xylitol to a range of foods, including
Sugar-free candy, such as gum, mints and fudge
Jams and jellies
Nut butters, including peanut butter
Xylitol is also an ingredient in some dental care products, including
Other fluoride products
Xylitol powder is a sugar alcohol sweetener used as a naturally occurring sugar substitute. Xylitol is found in the fibres of many fruits and vegetables, including various berries, corn husks, oats and mushrooms.View More
We extract xylitol from non-GMO maize kernels. Xylitol is about as sweet as sucrose and has only two-thirds the energy of food.View More
As with most sugar alcohols, initial consumption can cause bloating, diarrhoea and flatulence, although usually much less than other sugar alcohols such as sorbitol.View More
Xylitol has the same sweetness as sucrose. When it dissolves in water, it absorbs a large amount of heat. It has the highest endothermic value of all sugar alcohol sweeteners.View More
when it is consumed in solid form, it has a pleasant cooling sensation in the mouth. Xylitol does not cause phlegm and has an anti-cavity effect. The metabolism is not regulated by insulin and is completely metabolised in the body.View More
With a calorific value of 16.72 kJ/g, it can be used as a source of caloric energy for diabetics.View More
Organic xylitol is used to make surfactants, emulsifiers, emulsion breakers, various resins and alkyd paints and varnishes. Synthetic fatty acids and the volatile esters formed are not plasticisers.View More
Xylitol is not subject to yeast fermentation and is an unfavourable medium for microorganisms. Foods containing xylitol can extend their own shelf life.View More
It is used as a wetting regulator in cosmetics and has no irritating effect on human skin.View More
Low Glycemic Index
Xylitol has a low glycemic index (GI). This means that its consumption does not cause elevated blood sugar or insulin levels in the body. For this reason, xylitol is a good sugar substitute for people with diabetes.
Because of its low GI, xylitol is also a diet-friendly sugar substitute.
In addition, a 2015 study showed that xylitol had a significant hypoglycemic effect in rats on a high-fat diet.
Xylitol is an ingredient in many dental hygiene products, including toothpaste and mouthwash. This is because xylitol is non-fermentable, which means that bacteria in the mouth cannot convert it into the harmful acids that cause tooth decay.
The oral bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes is primarily responsible for the formation of plaque, a sticky white substance that can accumulate on the outside of a person's teeth.
Plaque binds lactic acid to the surface of the teeth. This acid breaks down tooth enamel and causes tooth decay.
While it is normal for people to have some plaque on their teeth, too much can lead to tooth decay, cavities and gum disease.
The bacteria that cause dental plaque can also build up behind the eardrum and lead to middle ear infections. Doctors refer to these infections as acute otitis media (AOM).
A 2016 systematic evaluation found moderate-quality evidence that xylitol-containing gum, lozenges or syrups can reduce the incidence of AOM from 30% to 22% in healthy children.
However, a 2014 study found that xylitol syrups were not effective in reducing AOM in children at high risk of infection.
These conflicting results suggest that more research is needed on the use of xylitol as a preventive treatment for ear infections in children.
According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health credible sources of free radicals cause oxidative stress, which leads to cellular damage and may play a role in the development of a variety of diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Laboratory studies have shown that antioxidants can neutralize free radicals and fight oxidative stress.
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